Diabetes: Let’s Talk About This Disease That Affects Every Second Person in The World

There is no permanent cure for diabetes, hence a person has to remain a diabetic patient throughout his life. Such people have to take insulin with the help of which they constantly try to control their condition.

Actually, diabetes is a life-long disease, and nowadays it is easily found in every second person. It is a metabolic disorder in which the level of glucose in the patient’s blood becomes very high. When insulin is not produced in sufficient quantity in a person’s body and the body’s cells are not able to respond properly to insulin.

However, the production of insulin is very important for the body because it transports glucose from the blood to the body’s cells. That is why when insulin is not produced in the right quantity, it also affects the metabolism of the body.

The body gets glucose from whatever food we eat, which the cells use to provide energy to the body and if insulin is not present in the body then they are not able to do their work properly and take glucose from the blood to the cells. Can’t deliver. Due to which glucose gets accumulated in the blood and excess glucose in the blood can prove harmful.

Causes of Diabetes
  • Insulin deficiency
  • Someone in the family has diabetes
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Habit of not exercising
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • High blood pressure
  • Bad eating habits

According to the increased blood sugar in the body of the person affected by this, symptoms of this disease start appearing in him. In most cases, if a person is suffering from pre-diabetes, symptoms are not visible at the beginning of the problem. But later the symptoms of diabetes appear very rapidly and are also quite serious.

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Main Symptoms of Diabetes
  • Feeling thirsty again and again
  • Frequent urination
  • Be very hungry
  • Sudden increase or decrease in body weight
  • Tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Wounds take a long time to heal
  • Skin infection
  • Oral infection
  • Vaginal infection

Diabetes Diagnosis

A doctor should be contacted if diabetes or symptoms of diabetes appear. Some of the following tests may be recommended to diagnose it-

A1C Test (A1C test or glycohemoglobin test)

In this, the patient has to undergo a blood test once every 3 months and his average blood glucose level is checked. The A1C test measures glucose levels in the blood on a scale of 5 to 10. If the test report shows a figure below 5.7 then it is normal. But if someone’s A1C level is more than 6.5% then he is called a diabetic patient.

Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

This is the most common blood test to understand high blood sugar condition. For this test a person has to give a blood sample on an empty stomach. For which one is asked to remain hungry for 10-12 hours. After that fasting plasma glucose test is done. This test is done to detect diabetes or pre-diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

In this test also, blood sample is taken on an empty stomach. The patient has to be given a drink containing glucose two hours before this test.
random glucose tolerance test

In this type of test, the victim’s blood sample is tested 4 times. If the blood sugar level is found to be more than double the normal then the pregnant woman is confirmed to have gestational it.

Treatment of Diabetes

There is no permanent cure for this disease, hence a person has to remain a diabetic patient throughout his life. Such people have to take insulin with the help of which they constantly try to control their condition. But, daily exercise, balanced diet, timely breakfast, and weight control help prevent diabetes from progressing.

Diabetes Prevention

Diabetes is a serious disease that can trouble you throughout your life. A person suffering from it may have to face many health-related problems. But, diabetes can be avoided by taking some precautions. Eat less sweets. Avoid eating foods rich in sugar and refined carbohydrates. Always be active, exercise and go for a walk in the morning and evening.

To avoid diabetes, drink more water but avoid drinking sweet sherbets and soda drinks. Apart from this, also avoid eating ice cream and candy. If you are overweight then reduce it and keep it under control. Diabetic patients should avoid smoking and alcohol consumption. Eat high fiber diet, also consume more protein

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